Protein Domain : IPR015727

Type:  Family Name:  Protein kinase C mu-related
Description:  Protein phosphorylation, which plays a key role in most cellular activities, is a reversible process mediated by protein kinases and phosphoprotein phosphatases. Protein kinases catalyse the transfer of the gamma phosphate from nucleotide triphosphates (often ATP) to one or more amino acid residues in a protein substrate side chain, resulting in a conformational change affecting protein function. Phosphoprotein phosphatases catalyse the reverse process. Protein kinases fall into three broad classes, characterised with respect to substrate specificity []:Serine/threonine-protein kinasesTyrosine-protein kinasesDual specificity protein kinases (e.g. MEK - phosphorylates both Thr and Tyr on target proteins)Protein kinase function is evolutionarily conserved from Escherichia coli to human []. Protein kinases play a role in a multitude of cellular processes, including division, proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation []. Phosphorylation usually results in a functional change of the target protein by changing enzyme activity, cellular location, or association with other proteins. The catalytic subunits of protein kinases are highly conserved, and several structures have been solved [], leading to large screens to develop kinase-specific inhibitors for the treatments of a number of diseases [].The protein kinase D family of enzymes consists of three isoforms: PKD1 (PKCmu), PKD2, and PKD3 (PKCnu). They all share a similar architecture with regulatory sub-domains that play specific roles in the activation, translocation and function of the enzymes. The PKD enzymes have recently been implicated in very diverse cellular functions, including Golgi organisation and plasma membrane directed transport, metastasis, immune responses, apoptosis and cell proliferation []. Short Name:  Protein_Kinase_C_mu-related

0 Child Features

7 Contains

DB identifier Type Name
IPR002290 Domain Serine/threonine/dual specificity protein kinase, catalytic domain
IPR001849 Domain Pleckstrin homology domain
IPR011993 Domain Pleckstrin-homology domain (PH domain)/Phosphotyrosine-binding domain (PTB)
IPR002219 Domain Protein kinase C-like, phorbol ester/diacylglycerol-binding domain
IPR017441 Binding_site Protein kinase, ATP binding site
IPR008271 Active_site Serine/threonine-protein kinase, active site
IPR020454 Domain Diacylglycerol/phorbol-ester binding

2 Cross Referencess

Identifier
PTHR22968
PIRSF000552

0 Found In

3 GO Annotations

GO Term Gene Name Organism
GO:0004697 IPR015727
GO:0005524 IPR015727
GO:0006468 IPR015727

0 Parent Features

0 Proteins

6 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages PubMed ID
            3291115
            12368087
            12471243
            15078142
            15320712
            12829240